GATE Exam 2018-19 | Exam Pattern | Eligibility | Syllabus | Preparation | Imp. Dates

Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE)

The Indian Institute of Science (IISc) and seven Indian Institutes of Technology(IITs at Bombay, Delhi, Guwahati, Kanpur, Kharagpur, Madras, and Roorkee) jointly administer the conduct of GATE. A zonal GATE Office manages the operations related to GATE in each of the 8 zones at the IITs or IISc.

The Organizing Institute (OI) is responsible for the end-to-end process and coordination amongst the administering Institutes. Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee is the Organizing Institute for GATE 2018.

GATE is conducted by the Indian Institute of Science and seven IITs on behalf of the National Coordination Board – GATE, Department of Higher Education, HRD ministry.

It tests the comprehensive understanding of engineering and science students of various undergraduate subjects. The test scores are used for admission to the master of engineering, master of technology and Ph.D. programs in higher educational institutes in India.

The examination is conducted for the candidates across India who wish to pursue their Masters or Doctorate levels in the field. The exam tests the candidates’ aptitude for science, identifies the candidate’s understanding of a subject and eligibility for higher learning.

In the past few years, Government Organizations and National/State Public Sector Undertakings (PSUs) are also using the GATE score card for recruitment purposes, according to the GATE Organizing chairman, Govind Chakrapani.



Eligibility Criteria

  • Bachelor’s degree in Engineering/Technology (4 years after 10+2 or 3 years after B.Sc./Diploma in Engineering/Technology) and those who are in the final year of such programs.
  • Bachelor’s degree in Architecture (Five years course) and those who are in the final year.
  • Bachelor’s degree of the Four-year program in Science (B.S.) and those who are in the final year of such programs.
  • Master’s degree in any branch of Science/Mathematics/Statistics/Computer Applications or equivalent and those who are in the final year of such programs.
  • Four-year Integrated Master’s degree (Post-B.Sc.) in Engineering/Technology and those in the second or higher year of such programs.
  • Five-year integrated Master’s degree or Dual Degree in Engineering/Technology and those in the fourth or higher year of such programs
  • Five-year Integrated M.Sc. or Five years integrated B.Sc. /M.Sc. degree and those in the final year of such programs.
  • Candidates with qualifications obtained through examinations conducted by professional societies recognised by UPSC/AICTE as
  • Equivalent to B.E./B.Tech. Those who have completed section A of AMIE or equivalent of such professional courses are also eligible.

GATE is conducted through the collaboration of eight zones. The zones and the corresponding administrative institutes are

Zone Number IIT Name
Zone-1: Indian Institute of Science Bangalore
Zone-2:Indian Institute of Technology Bombay
Zone-3: Indian Institute of Technology Delhi
Zone-4: Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati
Zone-5:Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur
Zone-6:Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur
Zone-7:Indian Institute of Technology Madras
Zone-8:Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee

Examination Pattern: Examination for all the papers shall be conducted in ONLINE mode only (Computer Based Test)

Admit Card

  • The candidate has to bring a printed copy of the admit card to the test centre along with the original identification card whose number has been given in the application (Passport, PAN Card, Voter ID, Adhaar UID, Valid College ID, Employee identification card or Driving License).
  • For International candidates, ONLY a valid Passport/ Government issued ID/College ID/ Employee ID shall be accepted as the recognised identification. The only permitted photo identifications are; Passport, PAN Card, Voter ID, Aadhaar UID, Valid College ID, Employee identification card or Driving License.

How to Download GATE Admit Card

– Log on to the official website of GATE (

– Click on the link that says “Download GATE 2018 admit card”.

-Now go through the GOAPS login window.

  • Login with your account.
  • Fill the required details such as Enrollment ID/ Email Address or Password and click on “Submit” button.

– Enter the required details in the fields provided and click on submit button.

– Download the hall ticket and take a printout for further reference.

NO candidate shall be allowed to enter the examination hall (however, the Center gate shall be closed 25 minutes after the start of the examination) after 30 minutes of the start of the examination.

Important Dates for GATE Exam 2018

GATE 2018 Exam Dates

Here, we have listed GATE 2018 exam dates which are scheduled by IIT Roorkee. Given dates are announced earlier in the month of July 2017. The dates are given below:

EventsDates (official)
Application Form Start Date1st September 2017
Application Form Last Date10th October 2017 (extended)
Request for Change in City Last Date16th November 2017
Correction in Application Form15th to 26th November 2017
Admit Card Issue Date6th January 2018
GATE 2018 Online Exam Date (CBT)4, 5 & 11, 12 February 2018
Result Announcement Date27th March 2018
Availability of Score Card27th March to 26th May 2018

All you need to know about GATE

GATE 2018 score validity is of three years from the date of publishing of result within which they can be used for both postgraduate admission and PSU recruitment

The Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) is becoming the sole deciding factor for recruitment of engineering graduates into the coveted Public Sector Undertakings (PSUs) and admission for post graduate degrees at all IITs, NITs and Indian Institute of Science (IISc).

GATE is a competitive examination conducted jointly by seven Indian Institutes of Technology (Bombay, Delhi, Guwahati, Kanpur, Kharagpur, Madras and Roorkee) and the Indian Institute of Science on behalf of the Department of Higher Education, Ministry of Human Resources Development (MHRD), once a year.

This entrance exam is focused on testing the technical competence of a candidate. Every year, around 10 lakh candidates appear for the exam, making it the second most competitive exam in the country in terms of number of candidates taking the examination, with the first being the IIT-JEE entrance test.

GATE Score used in Public sector Units for Job (Government Sectors)

The test is not a relatively new one. The GATE has been used as a tool for admitting candidates to post graduate courses in engineering from 1984. From 2012, the examination has also been used by the PSUs in their recruitment process.

The number of PSUs using the GATE score has steadily increased over the years and last year GATE score was used by around 37 PSU in recruitment process. GATE 2017 score was also used for recruitment of positions in the Cabinet Secretariat in the Government of India.

GATE Exam Held in other Countries for Indian Candidates

The stark difference between the previous GATE examinations and GATE 2018 is they are no longer confined to India but will also be conducted in six other countries namely Bangladesh, Ethiopia, Nepal, Singapore, Sri Lanka and United Arab Emirates (U.A.E).

Similar to GATE 2017, the candidates this year will also be not allowed to use calculators for the exam. However, a virtual calculator will be available for the candidates’ use of the test interface.

International Universities are Taking GATE Score for Admissions

Over the past few years, foreign universities have also started accepting GATE score as a standardized entry test for the Candidates.

The National University of Singapore (NUS) and Nanyang Technical University (NTU) are few of the foreign universities accepting GATE examination score for post graduate admissions. Certain Universities in Germany like RWTH Aachen and TU Munich have made GATE score mandatory for Indian nationals to be considered for admission to post graduate courses.

Revised Exam Pattern of GATE Exam

The exam consists of two sections with a total of 65 questions for 100 marks for three hours. In general, the questions for the exam are from three different areas namely general aptitude covering 15 marks in the test, engineering mathematics generally for around 10-13 marks of the test and the rest of the marks in the test will be from the core engineering area of the candidate.

The questions will be of both multiple choice type and fill in the blanks type. Whilst the Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) have negative markings for wrong answers, the numerical fill in the blanks type questions do not have any negative marking scheme.

GATE Exam score Validity

It is of three years from the date of publishing of result within which they can be used for both postgraduate admission and PSU recruitment.

Pay package in Industries 

Some of the public sector companies have offered CTC as high as around 15 lakh for those candidates who score around 85 per cent in the recruitment/selection process.

The recruitment process will begin in early January where the candidate needs to apply to the various public sector companies individually and provide their registration number allotted in his/her hall ticket.

Most PSUs close their application window before the GATE examination is held. After the results are published by the organising institute tentatively on March 27, the PSUs will individually release a list of shortlisted candidates for the advertised positions for further recruitment stages.

Apart from GATE, certain PSUs at their discretion may also conduct a proficiency written test for the candidate in the domain of the PSU. However such test will not have high weightage in the recruitment process.

The unsteady job nature of the IT and service industry and the desire of the graduates to work in the core area of their engineering discipline has led to the increase in number of candidates attempting GATE in the recent years.

Good understanding of the subject combined with practice will undoubtedly help the candidates in successfully clearing the test.

What’s new in GATE Exam 2018?

  • This year, the Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee is conducting the GATE 2018. The exam will be held during forenoon and afternoon sessions on weekends (Saturday and Sunday) on February 4, 2018, February 5, 2018, February 11, 2018 and February 12, 2018
  • The examination for all the 23 papers (disciplines) will be held conducted by an online computer-based test. A candidate can appear only in any one paper of the GATE examination. Some of the papers in GATE 2018 will be held in multiple sessions. Exact details regarding complete IIT Delhi11 examination schedule will be notified at a later date, on the GATE 2018 website
  • The online examination paper will contain some questions for which numerical answers must be keyed in by the candidate using the virtual keypad. Rest of the questions shall be of multiple choice question type. The candidates will be provided a virtual on screen calculator
  • Physical calculator, mobile phone, and wrist watches with calculation facility are strictly prohibited and candidates possessing these in the examination hall (even if not using) shall be disqualified
  • Biometric information (photograph and fingerprints) for randomly selected candidates may be captured before the start of the examination
  • The admit cards for GATE 2018 would be available through the online process only. The candidates can download their admit card from the official website and take a printout for future reference.

Pattern of Question Papers

  • In all the papers, there will be a total of 65 questions carrying 100 marks, out of which ten questions giving a total of 15 marks will be on General Aptitude (GA).
  • In the papers bearing the codes AE, AG, BT, CE, CH, CS, EC, EE, IN, ME, MN, MT, PE, PI, TF and XE, the Engineering Mathematics will carry around 15% of the total marks, the General Aptitude section will carry 15% of the total marks and the remaining 70% of the total marks is devoted to the subject of the paper.
  • The papers bearing the codes AR, CY, EY, GG, MA, PH and XL, the General Aptitude section will carry 15% of the total marks and the remaining 85% of the total marks is devoted to the subject of the paper.

GATE 2018 would contain questions of two different types in various papers:

  • Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ) carrying 1 or 2 marks each in all papers and sections. These questions are objective in nature, and each will have a choice of four answers, out of which the candidate has to mark the correct answer(s).
  • Numerical Answer Questions of 1 or 2 marks each in all papers and sections. For these questions the answer is a real number, to be entered by the candidate using the virtual keypad. No choices will be shown for this type of questions

Correction Fee:

The correction fee payment will be done via online mode only. No challan payment will be accepted. The correction fee is mentioned below:

  • For changes from SC/ST to General/OBC is Rs.750/-.
  • For changes from Female to Male/Others is Rs.750/-.
  • For changes from PwD to Non-PwD is Rs. 750/.
  • For changes in examination city is Rs. 400/-.

GATE 2018 Exam Pattern and Syllabus 

Sr.NoPaper TypeSr.NoPaper TypeSr.NoPaper Type
1Aerospace Engineering (AE)13Geology and Geophysics (GG)25Agricultural Engineering (AG)
2Instrumentation Engineering (IN)14Architecture and Planning (AR)26Mathematics
3Biotechnology (BT)15Mechanical Engineering (ME)27Civil Engineering (CE)
4Mining Engineering (MN)16Chemical Engineering (CH)28Petroleum Engineering (PE)
5Metallurgical Engineering (MT )17Computer Science and Information Technology (CS)29Chemistry (CY)
6Physics (PH)18Electronics and Communication Engineering (EC)30Production and Industrial Engineering (PI)
7Electrical Engineering (EE)19Textile Engineering and Fibre Science (TF)31Ecology and Evolution (EY)
8Engineering Sciences (XE)20Life Sciences (XL)32Engineering Mathematics (MA)
9Fluid Mechanics21Biochemistry33Materials Science
10Botany22Solid Mechanics34Zoology
11Microbiology23Thermodynamics35Polymer Science and Engineering
12Food Technology2436

GATE 2018 Exam Pattern



No. of


Marks Per




General Aptitude1 to 5515




1 to 2525125
26 to 5530260
Total Questions: 65Total Marks: 100Total Duration: 3 hours
Technical Section:

 70 marks

General Aptitude: 15 marksEngineering Mathematics:

15 marks

25 marks to 40 marks will be allotted to Numeric Answer Type Questions

Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs)

These questions are objective in nature and each question will have choice of four answers, out of which the candidate has to mark the correct answer. Each question carries 1 or 2 marks questions in all the sections.

Numerical Answer Questions

There will be no choices available for these types of questions. A Numeric Answer question carries 1 or 2 marks questions in all sections. The answer for these questions is a real number to be entered by using mouse and virtual keypad displayed on the monitor. No negative marking for these questions.

Negative Marking
Questions TypeMarksNegative Marking
Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs)1 mark0.33
2 marks0.66
Numerical Answer Questions1 markNil
2 marksNil

Fees Structure

  • Women candidates will have to pay Rs. 750
  • SC/ST/PWD category candidates will have to pay off 750
  • All other candidates will pay Rs. 1500

Syllabus of GATE Examination

Syllabus for General Aptitude – Common to all papers

Verbal Ability

  • English grammar, sentence completion, verbal analogies, word groups, instructions, critical reasoning and verbal deduction.

Numerical Ability

  • Numerical computation, numerical estimation, numerical reasoning and data interpretation.

Sample Questions

Q.1. Choose the appropriate answer to complete the following sentence:

To those of us who had always thought him timid, his ——— came as a surprise.

(A) intrepidity (B) inevitability (C) inability (D) inertness

Ans. (A)

Q.2. Choose the appropriate answer to complete the following sentence: Medicine is to illness as law is to _________

(A) Discipline (B) anarchy (C) treason (D) etiquette

Ans. (B)

Q.3. In a survey, 3/16 of the people surveyed told that they preferred to use public transport while commuting daily to office. 5/8 of the people surveyed told that they preferred to use their vehicles. The remaining 75 respondents said that they had no clear preference. How many people preferred to use public transport?

(A) 75 (B) 100 (C) 125 (D) 133

Ans. (A)

Q.4. The cost of manufacturing tractors in Korea is twenty percent less than the cost of manufacturing tractors in Germany. Even after transportation fees and import taxes are added, it is still cheaper to import tractors from Korea to Germany than to produce tractors in Germany.

Which of the following assertions is best supported by the above information?

(A) Labour costs in Korea are twenty percent below those in Germany.

(B) Importing tractors into Germany will eliminate twenty percent of the manufacturing jobs in Germany.

(C) The costs of transporting a tractor from Korea to Germany is more than twenty percent Of the cost of manufacturing the tractor in Korea.

(D) The import taxes on a tractor imported from Korea to Germany is less than twenty  Percent of the cost of manufacturing the tractor in Germany.

Ans. (D)

GATE 2018 Reference Books

Aerospace BooksArchitecture BooksBiotechnology BooksMadeEasy Books
Civil Engineering BooksCSE booksECE BooksEEE Books
Instrumentation BooksLife Science BooksMechanical BooksXE books

How to Apply?

  • Apply for the examination online.
  • Upload photograph, signature and other documents like graduation certificate/ certificate from Principal, caste certificate (if applicable), etc.
  • Pay the application fee through net-banking or debit card or e-challan.
  • Check the Status of your application form: Received, Under Scrutiny, Accepted, Defect Status, Status after Rectification, Rejected with Valid Reasons, Admit Card Ready for Download, etc.
  • Contact the zonal GATE Office in the case of any queries/problems.
  • Download Admit Card.
  • View your answers, marks and GATE score

Help Line for GATE Exam

For any GATE queries, contact telephone number 01332-284531 (9.30 am to 5.00 pm, Monday to Saturday) or email [email protected]

How to Prepare for GATE

  • Collect all the resources for the subject or topic you are going to start beforehand.
  • Do not study at a place where you sleep, eat and do all other chores. You’ll sleep more than you study.
  • When you sit to study, keep all the distractions away – your phone or any things that distract you.
  • Practice previous year problems religiously, at least twice before the exam
  • When practising last years, be patient. Do not just read a question and see its answer. Let your mind work even if it takes some time initially. This will build up your problem-solving ability.
  • Set targets daily – sit and study until you finish them. Set practical goals (neither too small nor too big).
  • Join some test series and give tests regularly after finishing the subjects. Do not get disheartened by the marks you get. Learn from mistakes. Attempt the test as if it is an actual examination.
  • Finish your syllabus by December. Keep, at least, a month for revision. Just revise and practice during that one month.
  • Be your critic. No one is at your place. Make your strategy. Do not blindly follow others for the strategy.
  • Refer NCERT Books for deep understanding

Here are 10 tips on how to crack the examination and score full marks

1.    Preparation time for GATE depends on many factors, such as individual’s aptitude, attitude, fundamentals, concentration level, etc

2.    Generally, rigorous preparation for four to six months is considered good, but it may vary from student to student

3.    Candidate should refer to the syllabus and analyse the exam pattern using previous years’ papers and prepare accordingly

4.    It is important to know what to study, but it is more important to know what not to study

5.    A clear understanding of the underlying concepts is a must since the questions asked in GATE exam will test the level and depth of understanding of concepts

6.    As all subjects don’t have equal marks, few subjects are preferred over others

7.    Make a list of topics which need to be studied based on the number of questions which have appeared from the topic in the previous years’ GATE examinations

8.    Identify topics which have fetched more marks and give more importance to them during your preparation

9.    Create a timetable for study of topics and follow it strictly. While studying any topic, make sure to highlight important points like key definitions, equations, derivations, theorems, laws, etc

10.    Allocate preparation time to subjects based on the number and frequency of questions asked in previous examinations.

How to Prepare?

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